Three judges were assigned to each finishing position. But the times were much slower in Rome as underwater breaststroke had been ruled illegal as of 30 April 1957. 356 359 364 370 372 373 378 380 382 384 387 390 391 395 398 400 405 408 Again, the swimming pool was where Australia made its greatest mark. He competed at the 1956 Melbourne Olympics, winning a silver medal in the 100 freestyle behind Jon Henricks and he won a gold member as a member of Australia's 4 x 200 metre freestyle relay team. The first on each team used the backstroke, the second used the breaststroke, the third used the butterfly stroke, and the final swimmer used freestyle (restricted to not allow any of the first three strokes to be used, though nearly all swimmers use front crawl regardless). Larson had the fastest semi-final time of 55.5, with Devitt posting a 55.8, both far from Devitt's world record of 54.6. Host City: Roma, Italy Venue(s): Olympic Swimming Stadium, Roma Date Started: August 29, 1960 Date Finished: September 1, 1960. The finals were held on Friday, 26 August, at 9:10 (2110) at night. In this case, the above result ranks with the [1972 Olympic basketball final] and the [1908 400 metre run] as one of the most controversial Olympic finishes ever. Olympic Games (Athletics) - Records and Statistics, 1. Speaking years later, he has admitted that it is unlikely he could have beaten a healthy Jeff Farrell. Australians [Murray Rose], [Dawn Fraser], and [John Konrads] all won three medals, with one gold each. The 1960 Olympics were held in the days prior to automatic starting pistols, automatic touch pads, and electronic timing. The first swimmer must touch the wall before the next can leave the starting block, and so forth; timing of the starts is thus important. In Chicago in 1962, Rose would break Konradsâ world record by posting 4:13.4. Although he had lost the 1959 Pan American Games to his countryman, [Dave Gillanders], he was heavily favored in Rome and did not disappoint, winning the final easily in another world record time of 2:12.8, with Gillanders placing third, behind Australiaâs [Neville Hayes]. 1. Aussie swimmers won 13 medals - five gold, five silver and three bronze. The United States had by far the best team, based on the times of the individual swimmers, and they were bolstered by the addition of [Jeff Farrell], probably the fastest swimmer in the world, but who had not qualified for the 100 free at the US Trials, as he was recovering from the effects of an appendicitis. 11, 1960. He was primarily a sprinter, however, and in 1960 the only butterfly event on the schedule was the 200 metre butterfly. Totalling almost 2,000 pages, it was the longest official report ever produced. Results were decided by finish judges who relied on their eyes and did not use replays. This left the favorite's role to [John Devitt], who, even with Farrell in the race, would have been a strong contender. Gathercole made the final but placed sixth. +49-228-2097-200 Nearly all swimmers use the front crawl or a variant of that stroke. The appeal jury, headed by Jan de Vries (NED), also the President of the FÃ©dÃ©ration Internationale de Natation (FINA) in 1960, rejected the appeal, keeping Devitt the winner. The judges then turned to the electronic back-up timer to break the tie. But the defending champion was [Murray Rose] and he was back as well. Fax: (+41-21) 312 66 10 Japan qualified fastest, winning the first heat, with the USA winning the second over Australia. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, this race consisted of 30 lengths of the pool. [Lance Larson] was not highly considered for the freestyle prior to the Olympic Trials. 16-years-old phenom Chris von Saltza won four medals, three of them gold. As a FINA secretary of long-standing, he should have known that in the FINA swimming competitions, such as the Olympic Games, no vote is ever bestowed upon the chief judge (when there is controversy). Because an Olympic-size swimming pool is 50 metres long, this race consisted of eight lengths of the pool. Host City: Roma, Italy Venue(s): Olympic Swimming Stadium, Roma Date Started: August 26, 1960 Date Finished: August 27, 1960. The Americans biggest competition was expected to come from Australia, who had won in 1956, and Japan, winners of this event in 1932 and 1936. Max Ritter took it as his personal mission to see that Lance Larson received the gold medal Ritter thought he had earned. United States ( Anna Temesvári, Maria Frank, Katalin Boros, Csilla Madarász-Bajnogel-Dobai) 4:22.2 Q. Former Olympic swimmer and FINA co-founder Max Ritter inspected the judge's scorecards. The three timers for lane four timed Lance Larson in 55.0, 55.1, and 55.1 seconds. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, each of the four swimmers completed two lengths of the pool, each using a different stroke. The 1960 Olympic Games (also known as the XVII Olympiad) were held in Rome, Italy from August 25 to September 11, 1960. 380 swimmers from 45 nations competed. She became the first female sportscaster in history when she started working for ABC in 1965. The result stood. Because an Olympic size swimming pool is 50 metres long, this race consisted of two lengths of the pool. There was a total of 380 participants from 45 countries competing. The program was expanded again for both men and women. In the heats the Americansâ time was over six seconds faster than the Australians, as they broke the world record with a time of 4:09.2. At various times he was an AAU champion in the freestyle, the butterfly, and the individual medley. The heats were held September 2. SWITZERLAND Tel: (+41-21) 310 47 10. The U.S., under the direction of coach Jack Riley, came out swinging though and thanks to five John Mayasich goals, they defeated Australia 12-1, and Czechoslovakia 7-5 to advance into the medal rounds. Seven heats were held; the swimmers with the fastest 24 times advanced to the Semifinals. Larson competed at the Olympic Trials in the 200 butterfly but failed to make the team, finishing fourth. Of the three-second-place judges, two found that Devitt finished second and one found that Larson was second. Results in 1960 were decided by finish judges who relied on their eyes and did not use replays. At the 1960 Summer Olympics in Rome, 15 swimming events were contested, eight for men and seven for women. Host City: Roma, Italy Venue(s): Olympic Swimming Stadium, Roma Date Started: August 30, 1960 Date Finished: August 31, 1960. However, six days before the U.S. Olympic Trials, Jeff Farrell had to undergo an emergency appendectomy. This swimming event used backstroke. Women's 4x100 m freestyle - Heat - 3 September 1960. This swimming event used the breaststroke. He was the first man to break one minute in the 100 metre butterfly which he accomplished in June 1960 with a time of 59.0 seconds. They were so strong that for the butterfly leg they left the winner of the 200 fly in Rome, [Mike Troy], off the team and replaced him by [Lance Larson], the controversial silver medalist in the 100 freestyle. All three timers for Devitt, in lane three, timed him in 55.2 seconds. Therefore, the six judges were split, 3-3, in terms of who won. Media in category "1960 Summer Olympics swimmers" The following 7 files are in this category, out of 7 total. Konrads led the Rome final throughout, although Breen stayed with him for the first 1,000 metres. There were three official timers in 1960 for each lane and swimmer, all timing by hand. There's often a lot behind those lines. 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